The Lord’s Supper

Text: Matthew 26:26-29

Institution

  • By Christ
  • During the time of Passover (Matthew 26:2,17)
  • Shortly before Jesus’ death (Matthew 26:2)

Elements

  • Unleavened bread (Matthew 26:17; Exodus 12:15) — represents His body (Hebrews 10:5,10)
  • Fruit of the vine — represents His blood; blood of the new covenant (Hebrews 9:14-16,22-24)

Purpose

  • Commemorate the death of Christ (1 Corinthians 11:26)
  • Causes us to remember His death — bread (body) = willing sacrifice (John 10:17-18); fruit of the vine (blood) = atonement for sins (Hebrews 9:14; Ephesians 1:7)

Where It Would Be Observed — in the assembly (Acts 20:7; 2:42; 1 Corinthians 11:17-20,33-34)

When It Would Be Observed

  • Time frame — from the kingdom until the Lord’s return (Matthew 26:29; 1 Corinthians 11:26)
  • Frequency — every first day of the week is necessarily implied: standard practice (Acts 20:7), regular practice (1 Corinthians 11:26), weekly assembly (1 Corinthians 16:2)

Partake in a Worthy Manner (1 Corinthians 11:27-28)


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