The Godhead

Text: Colossians 2:9

When people talk about the “Godhead,” they often use the term “Trinity” – refers to the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The term “Trinity” is not in the Bible, yet this does not necessarily mean the concept is unbiblical. However, many believe there is just one person of God and deny the concept of the “Trinity.” In this lesson, we will examine what the Bible teaches about the Godhead.

Define “Godhead”

  • The term “Godhead” is used three times in the Bible (Acts 17:29; Romans 1:20; Colossians 2:9, KJV) – other translations (NASB, ESV, NIV) use different terms; divine nature/being (Acts 17:29); divine nature (Romans 1:20); deity (Colossians 2:9)
  • “Godhead” is about nature – possessing the characteristics of God
  • Another term that may be easier to understand would be “Godhood” – like “manhood” or “brotherhood” (possessing the characteristics of “men” or “brethren”)
  • The characteristics of God – eternality (Psalm 90:1-2); immutability (Malachi 3:6); omnipotence (Genesis 17:1); omniscience (Psalm 139:1-6); omnipresence (Psalm 139:7-12)

There Is One God

  • Monotheism (belief in one deity) was unique to God’s people in the OT (Deuteronomy 6:4; Exodus 20:3; Isaiah 46:9) – the nations around them served many “gods” (Joshua 24:14-15); in the first century, the Gentile nations served many “gods” as well (Acts 17:16; 1 Corinthians 8:5)
  • The NT plainly teaches that there is one God (1 Corinthians 8:4, 6; Galatians 3:20; Ephesians 4:6)

There Are Three Persons of God

  • The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are each referred to as “God” (2 Peter 1:17; Hebrews 1:8; Acts 5:3-4) – does this mean there are three persons or do these all refer to one person?
  • OT passages that teach the concept of the “Trinity” (Genesis 1:1-3, 26-27; 3:22; 11:5-8; Isaiah 6:8; Psalm 110:1)
  • NT passages that teach the concept of the “Trinity” (Matthew 3:16-17; 28:19; John 8:17-18; 15:26; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Ephesians 4:4-6; 1 Peter 1:2; Jude 20-21; Revelation 1:4-5)
  • Some claim that Jesus is the only person of God – yet Jesus said He was distinct from the Father (John 15:1; Matthew 24:36) and the Holy Spirit (Matthew 12:32)


  • The Scriptures teach that there is one God and three distinct persons of God – the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
  • Our salvation is possible through the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (1 Peter 1:2) – baptism saves us (1 Peter 3:21); there is just one baptism (Ephesians 4:5); it is baptism in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19)

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