The Day of Pentecost

Text: Acts 2:1-4

This is the fifth in a series of lessons examining some great days in history – not in secular history, but days of spiritual importance. In this fifth lesson, we’re going to be discussing the day of Pentecost – specifically, the day of Pentecost following Jesus’ ascension.

The Background

  • Jesus spoke about the kingdom (Acts 1:1-3) – this was the primary theme of His discussion with the apostles during this time
  • Jesus told His apostles they would be His witnesses (Acts 1:8) – they were to testify of Him (John 15:27); this would be done in carrying out the Great Commission (Luke 24:46-49)
  • Jesus ascended to heaven (Acts 1:9-11) – witnessed by the apostles (cf. Acts 1:21-22); angels said He would return, just as Jesus said He would (John 14:3)

The Events on That Day

  • The Holy Spirit came upon the apostles (Acts 2:1-4) – fulfilled the words of Jesus (Acts 1:5, 8) and Joel (Acts 2:16-21; Joel 2:28-32); this was to help them complete their mission (John 14:26; 15:26; 16:13)
  • Peter preached the first gospel sermon (Acts 2:14-40) – three thousand people responded (Acts 2:41); this means they believed, repented, and were baptized for the remission of their sins (Acts 2:37-38)
  • The Lord’s church was established – God added to the church daily (Acts 2:47); the church was active in Jerusalem (Acts 2:42-46); in building His church, Jesus also established a kingdom that would never be destroyed (Matthew 16:18-19; Daniel 2:44)

Key Lessons

  • The Lord’s church is open to all (Acts 2:39) – this was prophesied to be the case (Isaiah 2:2); we are called through the gospel (2 Thessalonians 2:14) which was to be preached in all the world (Mark 16:15-16); God welcomes all without partiality (Acts 10:34-35) into just one body (Ephesians 4:4; 2:16)
  • God adds people to the church (Acts 2:47) – those who believed, repented and were baptized (Acts 2:37-38); we do not get to dictate the terms of admission to Him, either looser or stricter (Acts 9:26; 15:5)
  • Responsibilities for those in the church (Acts 2:42-46) – worship as God prescribed; be willing to help others; be united in one mind; be together with other Christians

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