One Another

Text: Romans 12:4-5

Paul told the saints in Rome that they were “members one of another.” They were part of the same body, which should lead them to act in a certain way toward each another. In this lesson, we will consider what Paul told the Christians in Rome about this. How they were to treat one another is the same way we are to treat one another today.

Love One Another (Romans 12:10; 13:8)

  • Be devoted…” – word is often used of love between parents/children and husbands/wives; based on the commitment to one another, not on what others do; we must love at all times (Philemon 5)
  • Give preference to one another” – basic definition for love; put others ahead of yourself (Philippians 2:3-4)
  • Owe nothing…except to love one another” – no substitute for love (1 Corinthians 13:1-3)

Be of the Same Mind Toward One Another (Romans 12:16; 15:5)

  • The phrases in these two verses are nearly identical in the Greek – difference is a preposition; eis (Romans 12:16); en (Romans 15:5)
  • Not to be arrogant against our brethren (Romans 12:16) – act with humility (Romans 12:3)
  • This is to maintain unity with our brethren (Romans 15:5-6; cf. John 17:20-21)

Do Not Judge One Another (Romans 14:13)

  • Important that we understand the context – chapter is about matters of opinion (Romans 14:1), not matters that pertain to “the faith” (cf. Jude 3); “God has accepted” both (Romans 14:3)
  • There is only one judge (James 4:12) – we are not to judge the Lord’s servants (Romans 14:4)
  • This does not prohibit us from judging with righteous judgment (John 7:24) – but do not go beyond the Lord’s standard (Matthew 15:1-6; Revelation 22:18)

Build Up One Another (Romans 14:19)

  • Rather than judging (condemning over a matter of opinion), we are to build up one another – edify (KJV); means to strengthen one another
  • We must continue to grow in the faith (1 Peter 2:2) – if we are not growing, we are slipping (Hebrews 2:1)
  • Because we love one another, we must strive to build up one another (Hebrews 3:12-13)

Accept One Another (Romans 15:7)

  • Receive ye one another” (KJV) – this goes along with the idea of fellowship; in context, Paul went on to talk about the acceptance of the Gentiles (Romans 15:8-12)
  • In Christ, we can accept those we may not have otherwise accepted – all are one in Christ (Galatians 3:28)
  • The church is not a social club – it is made up of those who are saved from every background

Admonish One Another (Romans 15:14)

  • This word means to warn or reprove – this must be done in preaching (2 Timothy 4:2)
  • However, it is not limited to preaching – “admonish one another” (Romans 15:14)
  • We need to be watchful for our brethren (1 Thessalonians 5:14) – when they are in danger of sin, warn them (ex: missing services, keeping the wrong company, etc.)

Greet One Another (Romans 16:16)

  • Holy kiss” – cultural; not commanded to greet with a kiss; but if that is customary, make sure it is holy; emphasis on the fact that we are to “greet one another
  • The church is not to be divided (1 Corinthians 12:25) – when you have a group of people, cliques can form; this happens almost naturally, but we must be purposeful about not falling into that rut
  • Also implies personal interaction (Hebrews 10:25) – to “greet one another,” we must be with one another


  • As Christians, particularly in the local church, we are “members one of another” (Romans 12:5)
  • We need to be mindful of how we should treat one another so we can function as God wants us to

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